Early Childhood Care and education (ECCE) Centre/ Pre Primary Education Centres
Main objective of this programme is to lay strong foundation of young children especially girls age between 3-6years for higher education by imparting Pre Primary Education through innovative ways in curriculum content, methodology and conducive classroom environment.
Pre primary education significantly contributes for the overall growth and development of child. 90%brain of a child develop before attaining the age of 5years. Various researches have proved that students who join primary school after completing pre-primary education perform better and learn faster than the students who come directly without attending any pre-primary education. It is well known that pre primary education is necessary building block to a child’s transition to primary school. It is well established that a child who does not undergo pre primary education has difficulty in learning at the primary level and ends up being either a slow learner throughout her/his life or even dropping out of the system early on.
Pre primary education is needed because
- It would incline children towards school
- It would generate interest towards education in young children
- It would improve the performance and learning skills of children
- It would reduce the dropout rate especially among girl children
- It would lay the foundation for further education
- It would bring cooperation among children
- It would bring positive and innovative development of children’s personality
- It would help improving female literacy rate in the state
- It would reduce gender gap in education system
- It would help achieving Sustainable Development Goal Number 4 of Education 2030
- It has also been proved in researches that if minority children are given such friendly-equitable environment in the beginning years of life they have more chances to join the mainstream
Curriculum which is chosen for children is pertaining to their lives and surroundings. For example when they learn about plants they play with plants and learn and understand various parts of such plants and teacher facilitate related activities and inform them various benefits of such plants. Similarly they understand the concepts of family, animals, food and other concepts related to their environment by telling about their family members, food they eat at home and animals they have observed in their home and nearby.
Children learn basic concepts of mathematics, English and Hindi by using local and commercial educational material. Initially they develop understanding of some lines and shapes which they use for making English alphabets, numbers and make different objects. They learn good habits like washing hands before eating meal and after using toilet.
Salient Features of ECCE
- Education centres for marginalized children only.
- Open for all religion, cast and creed.
- Child friendly, cultural and community friendly classroom.
- Imparting pre-primary education through innovative, entertaining and interesting methods.
- Maximum utilization of local material along with commercial education material.
- Syllabus is divided into themes and are taught with the help of plans.
- Completion of pre-primary education within two years.
- Pre Primary Education programme mainly focusing for girl children.
- Locating pre primary education centre in the middle of village/slum with the support of the community.
- Only female teachers provide education. This provision is made keeping in mind the cultural aspect of the community.
- The enrolment age of students in PPE Centers is 3-6 year.
- Timing of the classes is scheduled as per the convenience of the students and parents.
- Duration of classes is 4 hours a day and 24 hours a week.
- Free teaching learning material for students and centers.
- Formative evaluation and constant monitoring of the progress of every student.
- Participatory and Communicative methods of teaching are employed.
- Part of curriculum: songs, stories, poems, games, puppets, puzzles, cards, drawing, craft, origami, clay modelling, field visit, children also plant their own flower and vegetable beds and take part in campaigns clean slum/village paths and water sources – Environmental Education.
- Development of curriculum and training modules.
- Regular meetings with the education volunteers, parents and community members.
Community participation through local Committees and Gram Panchayats is ensured.
- Awareness programme on the importance of pre primary education, girls education and RTE Act 2009.
General awareness, heath awareness and nutritional food programmes for children and women are important components of the Programme.
AGS is running ECCE/ Pre Primary education centres in various villages of Mewat district in the state of Haryana and slums of Delhi to impart pre-primary education to children age between 3-6 years and it is considered as school readiness programme for children entering primary school.